Faculty of geography
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Founded in 1969 by engineer, rear-admiral Vasily Fedotovich Burkhanov, head of the Main Directorate of the Northern Sea.

In 1972 Dr. I.D. Danilov became the head of the Laboratory, while its scientific supervisors were Prof. A.I. Popov and Prof. O.K. Leontyev.
For 40 years (1979-2019) the laboratory was headed by Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor Vladimir I. Solomatin.

The laboratory has become one of the leading teams of the Russian and international research in the field of studying human impact on natural environment of the coasts and shelves of the Russian Arctic. The original name of the laboratory was Problematic research laboratory of Northern exploration. For more than 50 years of its existence, the laboratory staff took part in the development of scientific foundations and recommendations for the construction of a large number of engineering structures on the coasts and shelves of the Russian Arctic. During this period, enormous experience was accumulated, innovative technologies and methods for solving scientific and applied problems in the permafrost zone were developed. The theoretical foundations of the geoecology of the North were developed; new scientific terms and concepts were introduced: geocryoecology, geoecology of the cryolithozone (Studies of the stability of geosystems of the North, 1988; Geoecology of the North (introduction to geocryoecology), 1992; Problems of general and applied geoecology of the North, 2001). 

In the last five years, starting from 01.01.2016, the laboratory staff acted as managers of 6 grants from the Russian Science Foundation, 15 grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, took part in 28 expeditions to various regions of the Russian Arctic. During this period, the following publications with the authorship of the laboratory staff appeared: Ecological Atlas. Kara Sea, 2016; National Atlas of the Arctic, 2017; Environmental Atlas. Laptev Sea, 2017; Russian Arctic: Space. Time. Resources: Atlas, 2019.

 Vasiliy F. Burkhanov    Igor D. Danilov   Aleksandr I. Popov   Oleg K. Leontyev    Vladimir I. Solomatin


Stanislav Ogorodov, tenured Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor of Russian Academy of Science

Stanislav Ogorodov is a  Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, laureate of the I.I. Shuvalov Award and O.V. Deripaska Award, a full member of the Working Group "Sea Coasts" of the Section of Oceanology, Atmospheric Physics and Geography of the Department of Earth Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, full member of the Russian Geographical Society. In 2014, he defended his doctoral thesis on the topic "Relief-forming activity of sea ice".



  •  Assessment and forecast of stability of relief, lithogenic bases, and permafrost in connection with the dynamics of cryogenic geosystems at reclaimed areas of the North

  •  Dynamics of the coastal zone of the Arctic seas in natural and man-caused transformed conditions

  •  Effects of ice formations on the coasts and bottom of Arctic seas

  •  Remote methods of geo-environmental monitoring of northern tehnogeosystems 

  •  History of the development of natural complexes of the North

In these areas, the laboratory performed a number of state contracts, projects, and grants.


  • Analysis of land use in the Far North: monitoring of natural hazards, the development of practical recommendations for the prevention of destructive processes, land reclamation

  • Assessment of the state of nature-technical systems in permafrost and remote monitoring based on aerospace data analysis 

  • Creation of feature-rich GIS for specific promising areas of oil and gas development

  • Predicting the dynamics of the Arctic coast and underwater slope deformations in the areas of laying of linear hydraulic structures, subsea pipelines, and communication cables

  • Assessing the impacts of sea ice on the shore and bottom of freezing seas




The Permafrost Coastal Systems Network (PerCS-Net, Alaska, US) - https://permafrostcoasts.org/

Assessing the Sensitivity of Arctic Coastal Dynamics to Change (RFBR-Helmholtz project, 2009-2011) 


  • Investigation of Northern Geosystems Stability [Issledovanie ustojchivosti geosistem Severa]/ Ed. by Solomatin V.I., 1988
  • Geoecology of the North (Introduction to Geocryoecology) [Geoekologiya Severa (vvedenie v geokrioekologiyu)] / Ed. by Solomatin V.I., 1992
  • Dynamics of the Russian Arctic Coasts [Dinamika arkticheskix poberezhij Rossii] / Ed. by Solomatin V.I., Sovershaev V.A., 1998.
  • Zhigarev L.A. Oceanic permafrost [Okeanicheskaya kriolitozona], 1997.
  • Konyakhin M.A., Mikhalev D.V., Solomatin V.I. Oxygen-isotopic Composition of Ground Ice. [Izotopno-kislorodnyj sostav podzemnykh ldov]. 1996
  • Natural conditions of Baydaratskaya Bay [Prirodnye usloviya Bajdarackoj guby] / Ed. by Sovershaev V.A. et al., 1997
  • Solomatin V.I. Petrogenesis of Ground Ice [Petrogenez podzemnyx ldov], 1986
  • Fedorov V.M. Gravitational factors and astronomical chronology of geosphere processes [Gravitacionnye faktory i astronomicheskaya xronologiya geosfernyx processov], 2000
  • Problems of General and Applied Environmental Geoscience of the North [Problemy obshhej i prikladnoj geoekologii Severa]/ Ed. by Solonatin V.I., 2001
  • Topchiev A.G. Technologies of Aerospace monitoring in the Oil and Gas Business [Texnologii aerokosmicheskogo monitoringa v neftegazovom dele], 2003
  • Topchiev A.G. Geoinformation Technologies in Computer-aided Design and Diagnosis of Oil and Gas Facilities [Geoinformacionnye texnologii v avtomatizirovannom proektirovanii i diagnostike neftegazovyx sooruzhenij], 2003
  • Fedorov V.M. Astronomical climatology [Astronomicheskaya klimatologiya], 2002
  • Vasil'chuk A.K. Features of formation of pollen spectra in permafrost [Osobennosti formirovaniya palinospektrov v kriolitozone], 2005
  • Vasil'chuk A.K. Palynology and chronology of polygonal-core complexes in the permafrost zone of Russia [Palinologiya i xronologiya poligonalno-zhilnyx kompleksov v kriolitozone Rossii], 2007.
  • Shilova O.S. Holocene Diatoms of Bogs of the Kola Peninsula and North-Eastern Karelia [Golocenovye diatomei bolot Kol'skogo poluostrova i Severo-Vostochnoj Karelii], 2011.
  • Ogorodov S.A. The Role of Sea Ice in Coastal Dynamics [Rol' morskix l'dov v dinamike rel'efa beregovoj zony], 2011.
  • Solomatin V.I. Physics and Geography of Underground Glaciation [Fizika i geografiya podzemnogo oledeneniya], 2013.
  • Belova N.G. Massive ice beds of the south-western coast of the Kara Sea [Plastovye l'dy yugo-zapadnogo poberezh'ya Karskogo morya], 2014.


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