Faculty of geography
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Introductory section. Russia’s natural, economic and socio-demographic global potential

I. Natural potential
1.1 State of atmosphere
Volume and structure of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere
1.2 Supply and consumption of fresh water
Total supply and consumption of fresh water
Supply and consumption of fresh water per capita
1.3 Supply and consumption of non-renewable natural resources
Oil. Supply. Export, import.
Gas. Supply. Export, import.
Coal. Supply. Export, import

1.4 Supply and consumption of wood resources
Supply and consumption of wood resources
Foreign trade balance of wood industrial production

1.5 Fish resources
Foreign trade balance of fish. Fishing.
1.6 Global resource problems
Raw problem
Energy imbalance
Shortage of water resources
Decrease of wooded areas
Biodiversity reduction

II. Economic potential
2.1 Macroeconomic potential
Foreign trade balance
Gross national product (GNP), GNP structure.

2.2 Industrial production
Workforce industrial productivity. World industrial output.

Energy production and consumption
Energy consumption index
Foreign trade balance of electricity

2.3 Agricultural resources and self-sufficiency in foodstuffs
Share of agriculture in gross national product
Portion of arable land, size of arable area, quantity of tractors
Proportion of population employed in forestry and fishery
Proportion of population employed in agriculture
Grain production per capita
Import of foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials
Grain crops productivity. Self-sufficiency in grain
Mineral fertilizing
Import of agricultural production
Caloric content of food
Labor productivity in agriculture
Intensity of agricultural production
Balance of foreign trade in agricultural production
Portion of irrigated land

2.4 Global environmental problems
Pollution and destruction of the lithosphere and biosphere
Water pollution
Atmospheric pollution

III. Socio-demographic potential
3.1 Global population and its dynamics
Birth rate. Death rate. Rate of natural increase
Infant mortality
Density and structure of permanent population
Government views on population growth

3.2 Global socio-demographic problems
Demographic imbalance
Poverty and destitution. Infant mortality
Hunger and malnutrition
Adult illiteracy
Armed conflicts and wars

IV. Regions of Russia on the world map
Life expectancy at birth.
Gender ratio.
Population density.
Infant mortality.
Availability of telephones.
Water consumption per capita.
Energy consumption per capita

Section 1. Sustainability of development of the environment in Russia

1. Nature and resource potential of Russia
1.1 Land resources

1.2 Water resources
Fresh water abstraction on the territory
Availability of fresh water to the population

Wood resources
Wood stocks
Portion of woodlands
Total area of wood fund

1.3 Non-renewable resources
2. Current state of environment
Flora and fauna
Radioactive pollution
3. Integrated assessment of sustainability of development of environment

Section 2. Sustainability of economic development in Russia

2.1 Current economic potential
2.1.1 Retrospective maps of anthropogenic and technogenic impacts on environment
Development of Russia’s industry
Development of Russia’s railway network
Development of Russia’s raiilway electrification

2.1.2. Macroeconomic map of modern Russia
Industrial complex
2.1.3 Development of fuel and energy complex
Oil industry. Reserves, mining, transportation and refining of oil
Gas industry
Coal and textile industries
Electric power industry

2.1.4 Development of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy
2.1.5 Development of the chemical and petrochemical industries
2.1.6 Development of mechanical engineering and metal-working
Aviation industry
Space industry
Automobile industry
Branch structure of engineering
Mechanical engineering
Transportation engineering
Agricultural engineering
Machine-tool and instrument-making industry
Defense industry

2.1.7 Development of the wood industry complex
2.1.8 Light industry development
2.1.9 Food industry development
2.1.10 Development of the building materials industry
2.1.11 Agricultural complex
Share of agriculture in gross regional product
Manpower in rural areas. Employment in agriculture
Regions’ share in total Russian agricultural investments
Share of the agricultural organizations in land use
Number of farms per 1000 population. Proportion of farmers in grain production
Land use ratio of private households to farms
Agricultural grounds. Gross output of agriculture
Cropland area, amount of arable land in territories and regions
Proportion of area covered by crops on arable land. Dynamics in crop areas
Manufacturing of main crops
Livestock farming
Balance of production and consumption of potatoes, vegetables, meat, milk and milk products
Dynamics in the production of meat, milk
Dynamics in livestock farming and plant growing
Types of rural areas and agriculture,
Agrarian sector as a perspective branch of specialization

2.1.12 Transport
Railway transportation development
Prospects of railway network development
Dynamics of freight traffic
Dynamics of passenger traffic
Motor transport development
Motor transport availability in Russian regions away from the capital
Air transport development
Development of internal water and sea transport

2.1.13 Communication and telecommunication infrastructure
2.1.14 Development of market infrastructure
Level of banking development
Leading regional bank centers
Population deposits in the Sberbank offices of Russia
Deposits of the population in commercial banks
Insurance companies
Insurance fees and payments
Special Economic Zone (SEZ)
Exhibition/fair activity
Stock exchanges

2.2. Current investment potential
Investment potential in Russia’s regions
Investment risks in Russia’s regions

2.3. Economic efficiency of natural resource use and the ecological influence on economic development
2.3.1 Energy consumption
2.3.2 Water consumption
Hydroeconomic zoning
Use of fresh water
Freshwater preservation by means of recirculating and reusing the water supply

2.3.3 Consumption of forest resources
Output volume of wood, woodworking, pulp and paper industries
Deforestation intensity

2.3.4 Mining of natural fuel and mineral raw materials
2.3.5 Fishing and hunting of wild animals

2.3.6 Waste production and consumption
Toxic waste
2.4. Preservation of the environment
Natural protected areas

Capital investments on preservation of the environment

Ecological activity

2.5 Tourism, recreation, cultural heritage
2.5.1 Development of recreation, tourism and sports
Recreational zoning for territories in Russia
Tourist-classification zoning
Sanatoria and health resorts
Summer and winter sports recreation.
Water tourism
Bicycle tourism
Hiking and mountaineering
Ski tourism
Dynamics in number of sports facilities

2.5.2. Natural and cultural heritage
World legacy objectives in Russia’s territories
Archeological monuments
Historical monuments
Architecturural monuments
Memorials of monumental art
Culture preserves and memorial estates; their attendance
National parks
Historical settlements

2.6 Integrated assessment of economic development sustainability

Section 3. Sustainability of socio-demographic development in Russia

3.1. Current demographic potential and its dynamics
Population density and pattern of settlement
Population change
Urban and rural population

Big cities
Population reproduction, Gender ratio
Birth rate
Death rate
Rate of natural increase. Infant mortality
Age structure of the population. Demographic load.
Gender ratio. Life expectancy at birth.

Marriage rate, divorce rate. ratio of marriages to divorces.Gender ratio in marriage age
Migration activity
3.2. State of the population’s health and its dynamics
Medical-ecological zoning

Incidence of the population
Incidence rate. Incidence structure
Incidence of the population by the main classes, groups and certain diseases

Losses of life potential

Public health services development
Physicians of all specializations
Paramedical personnel
Hospital beds
Capacity of out-patient and polyclinic institutions

3.3. Social welfare of the population and its dynamics
3.3.1 Population incomes.
Structure of consumer expenses
3.3.2 Population living standards
Porportion of the population with income below living wage
Housing availability to the population. Comfort level of housing.
Availability of home telephones to the population

3.3.3 Educational level
Preschool education
Primary and secondary education
Higher education
Higher education centers

3.3.4 Science development
Researchers in regions of Russia
Innovative activity of the organizations

3.3.5 Culture development
Theater attendance
Museum attendance
Public libraries

3.3.6 Employment and unemployment
Employed population
Employment structure
Unemployment rate
Share of unemployed youth

3.3.7 Population nourishment
3.3.8 Crime rate
Registered crimes
Number of crimes committed by minors

3.4. Political behavior of the population
Structure of political polarization of the population

Degree of human rights realization

3.5. Integrated assessment of socio-demographic sustainability

Section 4. Models of transition of Russian regions to sustainable development

4.1. Model territories of transition to sustainable development
The Baikal region

The Irkutsk region

Irkutsk area of the Irkutsk region

Irkutsk city
4.2. Regional projects
Transit of the Caspian hydrocarbons: Russia against the West
The project «Complex development of the Nizhnee Priangarie» (Nizhnee Priangarie - region of Angara River downstream)
Eastern Siberia – undeveloped resources

4.3. Integrated assessment of sustainability of Russian regional development

4.4. The Arctic region of Russia
Introduction section
Section I. Nature-resource potential of Arctic region
Arctic ocean
Ionosphere and geomagnetism
Climate and global climate changes
Ice cover and its dynamics
Soil cover
Biota, rare and endangered species

Section II. The history exploration and development of Arctic region
The ancient Arctic
The medieval Arctic
The Arctic in XVIII-XIX centuries
The Arctic in the XX-th century

Section III. Ethnocultural and socio-demographic potential
Ethnocultural variety in the Arctic region
Demographic characteristics of the population
Population health
Education, science, culture, sports
Recreation and tourism

Section IV. Economic potential of the Arctic region
Macroeconomic characteristics
Agricultural, wood, trade economy
Infrastructure and communication

Section V. Ecology and environmental protection
Pollution of environment
Destruction of natural territories
Environmental protection
Environmental problems, nature conservation actions
Objectives for protection

Section VI. Unfavorable and dangerous natural phenomena

Retrospective animations of anthropogenic and technogenic impact on the environment

Dynamics of population density in urban settlements (Animation)

Development of the railway network in Russia (Animation)

Amount of forests (Animation).

Amount of arable land (animation)

Growth of the network of Russian cities (Animation)

Population density change of the federal subjects of Russia (Animation)


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